The EPHE has two collections of papyrus: the Graux collection and the Weill collection. For convenience of reference and as a measure of conservation, these two remarkable collections, a significant part of which has not yet been published, are on long-term loan to the Institute of Papyrology of the Sorbonne. These two collections belong to the EPHE.
Main characteristics of the “Fonds Graux”
Most of these fragments date from the Roman era, although the Byzantine period is also well represented. Apart from very rare exceptions, the collection consists of documentary texts.
Another incredible corpus emerges: the number of texts written in Greek. The fifteen remaining documents include Coptic (in the Id, II and III series) and Arabic (often in the bilingual Greek-Arabic texts).
Main characteristics of the “Fonds Weill”
The collection put together by R. Weill consists mainly of Greek papyri, but also contains a significant share of Coptic and an appreciable share of Arabic. All the papyri in the first set (1909-1910) seems to come from the Antinopolis region. More specifically, the three series contain Greek; Series II, incidentally, contains only Greek. In series I and II, Coptic is also present. Arabic texts only appear at the end of the last series.
Most of the texts are documentary. Literary papyrology are relatively rare, but they are often highly original and intriguing, such as a symbolomancy text, for example. Among the Coptic texts, many come from the Apa Sabinos archives. Concerning the Arabic part, a rare example of Pahlavi papyrus can be observed.